An incubator serves to sustain as well as nurture microbiological cultures or cell cultures, control several viable growth factors such as temperature, humidity as well as ventilation. The incubator market is separated into two main categories: the gassed incubators which are the CO2 incubators, as well as the non gassed or microbiological incubators.
The CO2 incubators are mostly used for cell culture and provide control over factors such as temperature, CO2 for maintaining proper pH levels, and humidity, all of which affect cell growth. CO2 incubators are classically heated to 37°C and maintain 95% relative humidity and a CO2 level of 5 percent. Microbiological incubators are essentially temperature-controlled ovens that work within the biological range of 5ºC to 70ºC and are mostly utilized for growing as well as storing bacterial cultures. Most incubator units are water-jacketed, air-jacketed or utilize direct heat to maintain the temperature around the culture chamber.
Incubators can be utilized in a wide variety of applications including cell culture, biochemical studies, hematological studies, pharmaceutical as well as food processing. Shaking incubators are often utilized for cell aeration as well as solubility studies.
Incubators can come in dissimilar sizes, as small as a laptop or as large as a room, depending on the user’s requirements. Incubators have the ability to control tremendously low temperatures (microbiological incubators), humidity as well as carbon dioxide levels (cell culture incubators). Microbiological incubators are mainly utilized for the growth as well as storage of bacterial cultures at temperatures between 5 and 37°C. The incubators are used for cell culture work at a temperature of 37°C, simulating the body temperature conditions.
Laboratory incubators are used for cell and tissue cultures, pharmaceutical and hematological studies, biochemical studies, food processing and cell aeration, animal studies, solubility and fermentation studies as well as bacterial cultures.
Several manufacturers are working hard addressing some of the common challenges associated with culturing cells, the most important of which is reducing aerial contamination. A number of incubators now provide a high-temperature decontamination cycle that works much like a self-cleaning oven. “With the press of a button, the customer may heat-sterilize the incubator as well as get rid of any decontaminants or hazardous spills. This option also eliminates the require to take apart individual components for autoclaving. “It’s convenient, secure, and allows proper, uniform cleaning that can be recorded as a part of standard operating procedures.”
Business incubators support the development of start-ups by offering them with advisory and administrative support services. According to the National Business Incubation Association, an incubator’s primary objective is to make successful as well as financially viable firms that may survive on their own. Early incubators focused on technology companies or on a combination of industrial and service companies, however newer incubators work with companies from diverse industries.
One of the main purposes of a business incubator for technology-based companies is to promote the creation and development of micro as well as small technology-based companies through the intensive use of scientific as well as technological knowledge and information. To achieve this objective, the region where the incubator is installed must have an adequate higher education, technical and research structure, enabling innovation as well as the transfer of technology so the products and services of the incubated companies may be competitive in the global market.