May 8, 2023
The Manipur state is home to a range of ethnic groups, including the Meitei, Naga, Kuki, and Pangal communities. These groups have distinct cultural and linguistic identities and have historically coexisted, albeit with some tensions and conflicts.
The roots of ethnic violence in Manipur can be traced back to the pre-colonial era, when various groups vied for control over the region's resources and territories. During the British colonial rule in India, the administration created artificial administrative boundaries that divided ethnic groups and fueled rivalries between them.
After India gained independence in 1947, Manipur became a part of the country, but the legacy of colonialism continued to shape the state's ethnic relations.
Today, ethnic violence in Manipur is driven by a range of issues, including land disputes, resource allocation, political power, and identity. The Meitei community, which is the largest ethnic group in Manipur, has historically dominated the state's politics and economy, leading to resentment among other communities who feel marginalized and excluded.
The Naga and Kuki communities have long-standing disputes over land and resources, while the Pangal community faces discrimination and persecution due to their Muslim faith.