Explain How Socialist Society was Established in Russia


The establishment of a socialist society in Russia was a complex and transformative process that took place against the backdrop of historical, social, and political upheavals. The key events leading to the establishment of a socialist order in Russia are deeply rooted in the early 20th century and the revolutionary fervor that gripped the country. Lets discuss “explain How Socialist Society was Established in Russia” in this article:

Background and Prelude to Revolution:

  • Imperial Russia: In the early 20th century, Russia was an autocratic empire ruled by the Romanov dynasty. The majority of the population, especially peasants, lived in harsh conditions with limited rights.
  • World War I: Russia’s involvement in World War I strained the economy and led to significant losses on the battlefield. The war effort exacerbated existing social and economic issues.

February Revolution (1917):

  • Economic Hardships: Widespread food shortages and economic hardships fueled discontent among the population.
  • Protests and Mutinies: Mass protests, strikes, and mutinies erupted in Petrograd (St. Petersburg) in February 1917. Soldiers and workers demanded an end to the war and better living conditions.
  • Abdication of the Tsar: Facing immense pressure, Tsar Nicholas II abdicated the throne on March 2, 1917, marking the end of centuries of Romanov rule.

Provisional Government:

  • Temporary Leadership: The Provisional Government, led by liberals and moderate socialists, assumed power after the Tsar’s abdication.
  • Challenges: The Provisional Government faced challenges, including its commitment to continuing the war, which led to widespread dissatisfaction.

October Revolution (1917)

  • Bolshevik Takeover: Led by Vladimir Lenin and the Bolshevik Party, the October Revolution (Julian calendar; November in the Gregorian calendar) saw the Bolsheviks seizing key points in Petrograd and eventually taking control of the government.
  • Establishment of Soviet Power: The Bolsheviks established the Council of People’s Commissars, with Lenin as its head, effectively transferring power to the Soviets (workers’ councils).

Civil War (1918-1922):

  • Opposition Forces: The Bolsheviks faced opposition from anti-Bolshevik (White) forces, leading to a protracted and devastating civil war.
  • Red Army: The Bolsheviks formed the Red Army to defend the socialist state against external and internal threats.

Formation of the Soviet Union (1922):

  • Treaty of Union: The Treaty of Union in December 1922 officially brought together several Soviet republics, including Russia, Ukraine, Belarus, and others, to form the Union of Soviet Socialist Republics (USSR).
  • One-Party Rule: The Bolsheviks established one-party rule, and the Communist Party (CPSU) became the sole ruling party.

Socialist Policies:

  • Land Reforms: The Bolsheviks implemented land reforms, redistributing land from the aristocracy to the peasants.
  • Nationalization: Major industries and banks were nationalized, putting them under state control.
  • Cultural and Social Changes: The Bolsheviks pursued policies aimed at eradicating illiteracy, promoting gender equality, and fostering a socialist culture.


  • Societal Transformation: The establishment of a socialist society brought about significant changes in Russia, affecting all aspects of life.
  • Global Impact: The Soviet Union went on to play a prominent role in global geopolitics, influencing the course of the 20th century.

In summary, the establishment of a socialist society in Russia was a multifaceted process marked by revolutions, civil conflict, and the consolidation of power by the Bolsheviks. The events of this period laid the foundation for the formation of the Soviet Union and shaped the trajectory of Russian and world history.

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Disclaimer: (This story, title and image has not been edited by StorifyNews.com staff and is published content form other source).

Abhilaksh Dhankhar is a Orator, Writer, Analyzer of geopolitical scenarios and military strategies. He has attended numerous conferences around the world on politics and has been conferred with more than 5 international awards. Abhilaksh also served as esteemed jury member in diplomatic meets. His vision to expand the ideals of international diplomacy made his self-initiated project "Drona" to be recognized as top ten most sustainable projects in India. 11 times, he has been selected for Harvard's Asia conferences and international relations programs. He worked with UNESCO under project RAISE to remove the gender disparity in the society. Abhilaksh constantly likes to spread his ideas and delivers effective seminars and sessions around the world, so far teaching more than 200 youngsters.

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